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Multivitamins & Minerals

Vitamins and minerals are organic compounds that our bodies use in very small amounts for a variety of metabolic processes. Basically, they keep us healthy and help our bodies to function.

Vitamins and minerals are a form of nutrient (called micronutrients). Although micronutrients don’t give us energy, they are involved in the  metabolic processes that enable us to get energy from carbohydratesprotein and fat, which are also known as macronutrients. Different vitamins serve different purposes and contribute to different bodily functions. There are 13 vitamins in total and 8 of these come from the B-group of vitamins and 15 minerals essential to your health.

Swanson Multivitamins
Multivitamins Mini delivers 100% of the daily value for 13 essential vitamins so you can be sure that your basic nutritional needs are met.

New Leaf Multivitamins
Packed with a nutritious blend of Vitamin C, Vitamin B12, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B6, Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Folic acid, Biotin, Zinc, Iodine, Choline and Inositol, our supplement supports overall health and well-being.

Swanson Multivitamins & Minerals
This all-purpose, balanced formula delivers 19 vitamins and minerals in each capsule, with an impressive 100 capsules per bottle.

Vitamin A 

This makes the immune system work effectively so it can fight disease and infections, keeps our skin healthy, supports reproduction and growth and helps with vision.

Vitamin Bs

B-group vitamins help our bodies use the energy-yielding nutrients (such as carbohydrates, fat and protein) for fuel. Some B-group vitamins are needed to help cells to multiply by making new DNA. Except for B-12 and folate which are stored by the liver, most B-group vitamins can’t be stored by the body. They must be consumed regularly in a healthy diet that includes a range of wholefoods (such as lean meatfishwholegrains, fruit, vegetables and legumes) and limits the intake of alcohol and processed foods.

Vitamin C

Dietary intake of vitamin C (from food and drinks) is essential, because the human body cannot make this vitamin from other compounds. We also need to have vitamin C as a regular part of our diet because the body cannot store vitamin C for very long.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is important for strong bones, muscles and overall health. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is necessary to produce vitamin D in the skin and is the best natural source of vitamin D. Regular physical activity also assists with the body’s production of vitamin D. The body can only absorb small amounts of Vitamin D.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps protect your body against damage from free radicals, such as exposure to cigarette smoke or radiation. It is also important for our vision, immune system and skin.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is important for healthy bones, blood clotting and wound healing.

Calcium - Mineral

Calcium is vital to keep our bones strong and healthy. If you don’t get enough calcium, your bones will eventually become weak and brittle and can lead to conditions like osteoporosis. Calcium helps strengthen bones and teeth, regulate muscle and heart function, blood clotting, transmission of nervous system messages and enzyme function.

Iodine - Mineral

Iodine is essential to make thyroid hormones. These hormones control your metabolic rate (the rate your body uses energy when it is resting). They also help your brain and body grow and develop.

Iron - Mineral

Iron is an important mineral that is involved in various bodily functions, including the transport of oxygen in the blood the provision of energy to cells. It also vital to help our immune system function effectively to fight infection.

Zinc - Mineral

Zinc is an important mineral involved in various bodily functions – growth and development as well as immune function. Zinc also helps to produce the active form of vitamin A and transports it around the body.

Magnesium - Mineral

Magnesium is important due to its many functions in the body – including maintaining bone health and using glucose for energyMagnesium also supports immune function and helps regulate blood pressure and lung function.

Potassium - Mineral

Potassium is important for the nerves, muscles and heart to work properly. It also helps lower blood pressure.

Key Information

  • Eating a healthy diet is the ultimate path to optimal nutrition. For those who may fall short on nutrients a multivitamin and mineral supplement may provide a means to fill in the gaps.

  • The four most common vitamin deficiencies include vitamin D, B6 and B12, and folic acid. Other common nutritional deficiencies include iron, iodine, magnesium, and calcium. 

  • The fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K can be locked away in the liver and body fat, and stored for a long time. The water-soluble vitamins, including B-complex and vitamin C, are mostly only stored for a shorter period.

  • Young children may not get enough vitamin A and D even if they’re eating well. If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, you may not get enough vitamin C, vitamin D or folic acid. You can purchase the supplement of your choice or get these important vitamins for free by using your NHS Healthy Start card. You can get NHS Healthy Start women’s tablets and children’s drops.


Increased Energy Levels

When you don’t get enough vitamins, your body has to work harder to perform simple tasks, which can lead to fatigue and other health problems. Taking multivitamins and keeping a healthy lifestyle can keep you energetic and fit.

Improved Mood
Certain studies have shown that a daily multivitamin has positive effects on a person’s mood and emotional well-being. Getting enough vitamins and minerals improves the brain functions responsible for your mood.

Reduces Stress and Anxiety
The vitamins and minerals in your daily multivitamin can also significantly reduce levels of stress and anxiety. The body uses B vitamins to convert food into energy, keep the nervous system functioning properly, and to produce stress hormones. Taking multivitamins daily can replenish your body’s supply.

Improved Short-Term Memory
Studies have shown that B vitamins have a significant impact in supporting short-term memory function. In the research, older participants who supplemented with vitamin B12 did better in memory tests compared to those who did not take supplements.

Maintained Muscle Strength
Free radicals are mainly responsible for muscle aging-related problems. Taking multivitamins daily can help keep these damaging free radicals in check.

Signs of Deficiency

Some common signs of Vitamin deficiency can include:

  • Brittle hair and nails;

  • Mouth ulcers or cracks in the corners of the mouth;

  • Bleeding gums;

  • Poor night vision or reduced vision;

  • Dry skin, scaly patches and dandruff;

  • Hair loss.

Deficiency in the following vitamins & minerals can cuase:

  • Calcium - Numb, Tingling Fingers and Abnormal Heart Rhythm;

  • Vitamin D - Fatigue, Bone Pain, Mood Shifts, and More

  • Potassium - Muscle Weakness, Constipation, Irregular Heart Rhythm, and More

  • Iron - Fatigue, Shortness of Breath, Cold Hands and Feet, Brittle Nails, and More

  • Vitamin B12 - Numbness, Fatigue, Swollen Tongue, and More

  • Folate - Fatigue, Diarrhea, Smooth Tongue, and More

  • Magnesium - Loss of Appetite, Nausea, Fatigue, and More


  • The appropriate dosage can depend on a vitamin’s solubility, which is categorized into the following two groups:

    • Water-soluble. Your body flushes out excess amounts of these vitamins through your urine.

    • Fat-soluble. Since your body has no easy way to get rid of these, excess amounts may accumulate in your liver.

  • There are 3 types of units used to measure amounts of minerals and vitamins:

    • Milligrams (mg) – a milligram is 1 thousandth of a gram and is usually spelt out as mg

    • Micrograms (mcg) – a microgram is 1 millionth of a gram and is usually spelt out as μg or mcg. 1,000 micrograms is equal to 1 milligram.

    • International Units (iu), which are sometimes used to measure vitamins A, D and E – and usually spelt out as IU. The conversion of milligrams (mg) and micrograms (μg) into IU depends on the type of vitamin

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